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How to Clean Without Harsh Chemicals: DIY All-Natural Formulas

March 3, 2024
How to Clean Without Harsh Chemicals: DIY All-Natural Formulas


Cleaning our homes is essential for health and hygiene. However, many conventional cleaning products contain harsh chemicals that can be harmful to our health and the environment. The good news is, there are many simple, all-natural cleaning solutions you can make yourself using common kitchen ingredients. These natural cleaners are effective, budget-friendly, and contain ingredients that are safe for your family and the planet.

In this comprehensive guide, I’ll share my top tips and homemade recipes for all-natural cleaning formulas you can use to clean your entire home.

Why Choose Natural Cleaning Products?

Conventional cleaning products often contain ingredients like chlorine, formaldehyde, phosphates, petroleum solvents, and ammonia. Exposure to these chemicals has been linked to:

  • Asthma and respiratory irritation
  • Hormone disruption
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Cancer

When we use these products to clean our homes, we spread these toxic chemicals in the air and leave chemical residues on our floors and countertops. This exposes our families to health risks daily.

Natural cleaners avoid these harsh chemicals and rely instead on gentle, biodegradable ingredients like:

  • Vinegar
  • Baking soda
  • Lemon juice
  • Plant-based oils and soaps
  • Hydrogen peroxide

Not only are natural cleaning solutions better for your family’s health, but they’re also gentler on the environment. Harsh chemicals get flushed down our drains and pollute our waterways. Choosing natural ingredients stops this cycle of pollution.

All-Purpose Natural Cleaner

My go-to all-purpose cleaner is simple to make and can be used to clean most surfaces in your home.


  • 1 part water
  • 1 part vinegar
  • 5-10 drops essential oil (optional for smell)


  1. Combine the ingredients in a spray bottle.
  2. Shake gently to mix.
  3. Spray directly onto surfaces and wipe clean with a cloth.

The vinegar in this recipe cuts through grease and disinfects surfaces. I like adding lemon or lavender oil for a light scent, but this is optional. This natural cleaner can be used on:

  • Kitchen counters
  • Tables
  • Bathroom surfaces
  • Mirrors
  • Appliances

Natural Window Cleaner

Getting streak-free windows can feel like a challenge, but this natural window cleaner leaves your windows sparkling.


  • 2 cups water
  • 1⁄4 cup vinegar
  • 1⁄2 tsp. natural liquid soap


  1. Add all ingredients to a spray bottle.
  2. Shake to mix thoroughly.
  3. Spray directly onto windows and wipe clean with a cloth or reusable paper towels.

The vinegar helps dissolve dirt and grime, while the soap helps break up grease and oil on window surfaces. I recommend using a lint-free cloth or reusable bamboo paper towels to avoid streaks and lint.

This natural window cleaner works on:

  • Windows
  • Glass surfaces
  • Mirrors
  • Windshields
  • Glass shower doors

Disinfecting Natural Cleaner

For areas prone to mold, mildew, and bathroom germs, I make a special disinfecting cleaner using the power of hydrogen peroxide.


  • 1 cup water
  • 1⁄2 cup hydrogen peroxide
  • 1⁄4 cup white vinegar
  • 10 drops tea tree oil


  1. Combine all ingredients in a spray bottle.
  2. Spray directly onto surfaces.
  3. Let sit for several minutes then wipe away.

Tea tree oil adds cleansing antibacterial properties to fight household germs. Letting the spray sit allows the peroxide to fully disinfect the surface. Use this cleaner in:

  • Bathrooms
  • Kitchens
  • Diaper pails
  • Pet areas

Avoid using this cleaner on metals, as the peroxide can cause oxidation over time.

Natural Kitchen Cleaner

Greasy kitchen messes are no match for this degreasing natural kitchen cleaner!


  • 2 tbsp baking soda
  • 1⁄2 cup vinegar
  • 1⁄2 tsp natural liquid soap
  • Water


  1. Add baking soda and vinegar to a bowl, allowing the mixture to fizz.
  2. Once fizzing stops, add soap and enough water to make a thick paste.
  3. Apply paste directly to surface, allow to set for several minutes, then scrub and rinse clean.

The baking soda and vinegar work together to break down resilient kitchen grease and leave surfaces shining! This cleaner can be used on:

  • Ovens
  • Stovetops
  • Grills
  • Pots and pans
  • Kitchen sinks

Start with dry surfaces for best results. Rinsing thoroughly prevents baking soda film.

Natural Wood Floor Cleaner

Taking care of wood floors naturally is simple with this non-toxic wood floor cleaner.


  • 1 gallon water
  • 1⁄4 cup white vinegar
  • Optional: 5-10 drops essential oil


  1. Add ingredients to a bucket and stir to combine.
  2. Damp mop floors as usual using solution.
  3. Allow floors to air dry completely.

The mild vinegar polish in this recipe cleans wood floors without damaging the finish. Essential oils like lemon or lavender add a light scent.

For deeper wood floor cleaning, combine equal parts vinegar and water in a spray bottle. Spray directly on floors and scrub with a cloth or brush. Rinse with water and allow to dry. Use weekly for clean, shiny floors.

Natural Carpet Cleaner

Freshen carpets between deep cleans using this simple natural carpet cleaner:


  • 1⁄4 cup baking soda
  • 1 tsp cornstarch
  • 10 drops essential oil
  • Vacuum cleaner


  1. Combine the baking soda and cornstarch in a small jar. Add essential oil and mix.
  2. Liberally sprinkle over carpets.
  3. Let set for up to 30 minutes.
  4. Vacuum as usual to lift dirt and leave carpets smelling fresh.

The baking soda absorbs odors from carpet fibers while the cornstarch soaks up grease and dirt. Essential oils like lemon or eucalyptus provide natural deodorizing.

Use this carpet cleaner once a week all over the home for clean, fresh carpets naturally.

Mold-Killing Bathroom Cleaner

Prevent mold and mildew growth in the bathroom with this simple homemade mold killer spray.


  • 1 part hydrogen peroxide
  • 1 part water
  • 5-10 drops tea tree essential oil
  • Spray bottle


  1. Combine ingredients in a spray bottle.
  2. Shake gently to mix.
  3. Spray directly onto moldy areas and let sit for 10 minutes.
  4. Wipe away mold and mildew.

The antifungal tea tree oil prevents future mold growth while the peroxide kills existing mold spores. Spray weekly onto bathroom tiles, shower curtains, and other humid areas prone to mold.

Natural Scrubbing Cleanser

For tough soap scum and really stuck-on grime, this abrasive paste cleans where others fail.


  • 1⁄2 cup baking soda
  • Liquid castile soap
  • Water


  1. Add enough liquid soap to baking soda to make a dry paste.
  2. Add small amounts of water to reach desired scrubbing consistency.
  3. Apply paste and scrub surfaces using a cloth or scrub brush.
  4. Rinse thoroughly after scrubbing.

This natural cleaner can be used to scrub:

  • Bathroom and kitchen tiles
  • Sinks
  • Bathtubs and showers
  • Ovens
  • Grills

Adjust paste thickness based on cleaning needs. Add more baking soda for heavier scrubbing power.

Streak-Free Glass Cleaner

Get crystal clear windows and mirrors using this easy natural glass cleaner.


  • 2 cups water
  • 1⁄4 cup vinegar
  • 1⁄4 cup vodka or rubbing alcohol


  1. Add all ingredients to a spray bottle.
  2. Shake gently to combine.
  3. Spray directly onto glass and wipe clean with a lint-free cloth.

The vodka helps the solution dry rapidly without streaks for clear glass and mirrors. Keep this spray handy for:

  • Windows
  • Mirrors
  • Glass shower doors
  • Chrome and stainless steel too

Natural Drain Cleaner

Clogged drains are no match for this homemade drain cleaner!


  • 1 cup baking soda
  • 1 cup vinegar
  • 5 cups boiling water


  1. Pour baking soda down the drain.
  2. Follow with vinegar and cover the drain.
  3. Let set for 5-10 minutes to fizz and react.
  4. Flush down with boiling water.

The chemical reaction between the baking soda and vinegar breaks up grime and hair buildup. Then the boiling water flushes debris down the pipes.

Use weekly to keep drains clear and prevent clogged pipes naturally.

For unclogging a drain that’s already slow, use a plunger along with the baking soda and vinegar treatment.

Natural Oven Cleaner

This oven cleaner will have your oven looking brand new in under 1 hour, without any caustic chemicals.


  • 1 cup baking soda
  • Water
  • 2 tbsp liquid castile soap


  1. Make a thick paste of baking soda and water. Add liquid soap and mix.
  2. Apply paste to oven interior and let sit 20-30 minutes.
  3. Scrub thoroughly and rinse to remove grease and burnt-on food.

No need for scrubbing if your oven isn’t too dirty. Simply spread a thin layer of paste and let sit overnight. Then wipe clean in the morning.

Whitening Toilet Bowl Cleaner

Remove stains and disinfect toilets safely using this simple natural toilet cleaner.


  • 1⁄2 cup baking soda
  • 1⁄4 cup hydrogen peroxide
  • 1⁄4 cup vinegar
  • Lemon essential oil (optional)


  1. Sprinkle baking soda into the toilet bowl.
  2. Add hydrogen peroxide and vinegar. Allow to fizz for 5 minutes.
  3. Scrub bowl with toilet brush and flush.

The chemical reaction whitens and disinfects, while the lemon oil leaves a fresh scent.

Make this toilet cleaning recipe part of your weekly bathroom routine to prevent buildup.


With a few simple ingredients, you can make safe, effective cleaners that get your whole home sparkling. Natural cleaning is better for your family’s health, your home, and the environment.

I hope these all-natural, non-toxic cleaning recipes inspire you to ditch the harsh chemicals. Small steps like making your own cleaners make a big difference for your health and the planet.

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